**NPRE 441: Principles of Radiation Protection**

**Spring, 2017**

*Course
Description *

Primary: J.
Turner, "Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection", Third Edition,
Wiley-VHC, Inc. (2007).

**Reference books: **

[1] H. Cember -
"Introduction to Health Physics", 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill (2010)

[2] J. K. Shultis and
R. E. Faw, "Radiation Shielding," American Nuclear Society (2000)

[3] R. E. Faw and J. K. Shultis, "Radiological Assessment: Sources and
Doses, American Nuclear Society (1999)

[4] E. L. Alpen, "Radiation Biophysics," Academic Press (1998)

[5] G. F. Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurements, Third Edition, John
Wiley & Sons, 1999.

**Course Website**:

http://courses.engr.illinois.edu/npre441/

**Course components****: **

8 homework: 20% (towards the final score)

6-8 quizzes: 30%

Midterm exam: 15%

Final exam: 20%

Term project: 15%

**TA and Office Hours:**

__TAs__:

Long Zhou,
<longz2@illinois.edu>

Brandon Lee,
<btlee2@illinois.edu>

__Office Hours__:

Thursday 2-4pm
and Friday 10-noon at the Student Lunge in Talbot Lab.

*Lecture Notes *

Chapter 1: Review of Physical Principles

§ Units,
dimensions and energy and energy transferring.

§ Basic
physical principles.

Chapter 2: Atomic and Nuclear Structures

§ Atomic
structures.

§ The
nucleus.

Chapter 3: Radioactivity

§ Radioactivity. Part 1, Part 2, Part 3.

§ Transformation kinetics, serial
transformation and naturally
occurring radioactivity.

Additional reading material for Chapter 2:

Chapter 3 and Chapter 4 in H. Cember, Introduction to Health
Physics, Fourth Edition, 2010.

Chapter 4: Interactions of Radiation with Matter

§ Interactions
of beta particles and heavy charged particles.

§ Interactions
of photons I – interaction
of photons in absorbing media.

§ Interactions
of photons II – attenuation
coefficients and energy absorption.

Chapter 5: Methods for Radiation Detection

§ Gas-filled
detectors, ionization process, charge migration, ionization counters and
proportional counters.

§ Scintillation
detectors.

§ Semiconductor
detectors.

§ Neutron
detection techniques.

Additional reading material for Chapter 5:

K. F.
Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurements, Chapter 6-8,11.

Chapter 6: Counting Statistics

§ Statistical models for radiation
decay processes, Binomial and Poisson models.

**Reading**: James E. Turner, Atoms, Radiation, and
Radiation Protection, Chapter 11, Section 1-4, pp. 289 – 300.

§ Binomial and Poisson and Gaussian
models, error propagation. **Reading**:
James E. Turner, Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection, 11, Section 1-4,
pp. 301 – 314.

§ Delectability
limits, false positive and false negative. **Reading**: James E. Turner, Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation
Protection, 11, Section 1-4, pp. 327 – 335.

Chapter 7: Radiation Dosimetry

§ Units, dose, exposure,
dose-exposure relationship.

§ Specific gamma ray emission,
dose from beta and gamma ray radiation.

§ Internal deposited
radioisotopes, the MIRD methods.

§ Neutron induced radiation
dose.

Chapter 8: Biological Effect of Radiation

§ Physical and chemical effects
of ionizing radiation. **Reading**: Tuner,
p. 386-424.

§ Biological effect of ionizing
radiation. **Reading**: Tuner, p.
386-424.

§ **Reading**: James E. Turner, Atoms, Radiation, and
Radiation Protection, Chapter 9-12 and Chapter 13-16.

Chapter 9: Radiation Protection Criteria and Exposure Limits

§ Introduction
to the basic concepts for radiation protection.

§ ICRP dose
limits.

Chapter 10: External Radiation Protection

§ Basic
principles, gamma ray shielding considerations.

§ X-ray
shielding design.

§ Beta and neutron shielding.

Here is a summary for helping you to prepare for the final.

**Homework**

Homework 1 and Solution. Due at 5pm on Monday,
Feb. 6^{th}, 2017. Please return your homework to my office at 111E
Talbot Lab.

Homework 2 and Solution. Due at 5pm on Wednesday,
Feb. 15^{th}, 2017.

Homework 3 and Solution. Due at 5pm on Monday,
Feb. 27^{th}, 2017.

Homework 4 and Solution. Due at 5pm on Monday,
Mar. 6^{th}, 2017.

*Term Project *

In this
term project, each
team of 4-5 students will

(a)
review and study a reference paper listed here.

(b) write
a short (four-page) essay based on the following format
(due on April 28), and

(c)
present a review presentation on April 24 (Groups 1-5) and April 26 (Group
6-10). Each team will have 15 mins for presentation and 5 mins for Q/A. Your
presentation should follow the same format as
for the short assay.

**Quizzes**

We
will have 4-6 pop-quizzes throughout the semester. These quizzes are typically
open-book unless stated otherwise. You could use your textbook and computer to
browse lecture notes. Please see here for the rules for missing quizzes.

__Make-up
Quizzes__:
For people who missed an in-class quiz, you will be given the opportunity of a
make-up quiz if

1. You have
notified me before the lecture, and

2. You could
provide a proof that you will be missing the lecture for “good” reasons, such
as attending conference, sick leave, travel for interview.

*Exams *

**Midterm Exam
Info**:

**Date**: noon-2pm, Wednesday, March 15^{th}.

**Format**: open book. You can bring your textbook and lecture notes during
the exam.

Content covered: All chapters and sections covered in lectures
from Jan 20 – March 8. Here is a list of key concepts covered in Chapters 3 and 4.

*Final Exam Info: *

TBA